- Fellowship: Spine West, Physiatry and Sports Physicians
- Residency: University of Colorado – Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
- Internship: George Washington University – Emergency Medicine
- Medical School: Michigan State University – College of Human Medicine
- Undergraduate: Michigan State University – Lyman Briggs College
- Hastings J, Gale B, Sullivan W. Nonsurgical Pain Management. In Spine Care in an Aging
Population, Surgical and Nonsurgical Options. New York, NY. Thieme Publishers.